Metals in Jewelry


Gold

Gold is the most popular choice for men's and ladies wedding rings and engagement rings.
Gold is also very popular in dress rings, earrings, pendants, necklaces and bracelets.


There are two things to consider when looking at gold. First, which gold carat to choose
and second, the gold color or the combination of gold colors available.


Gold carat

The carat is the gold content of the metal. The carat measures the proportion of pure gold
mixed with other metal alloy to make up the final metal.
The carat of gold is represented in alomst every country by the abbreviation kt.

The gold carats normally used in men's wedding rings are 9kt, 14kt and 18kt.

The higher the proportion of gold used in the final metal, the more valuable and expensive the metal will be.
So all other things being the same, an 24kt ring will be more expensive than a 18kt ring
and a 18kt ring will be more expensive than a 14kt ring.


9kt gold contains 37.5% pure gold (375 parts per thousand parts).

14kt gold contains 58.5% pure gold (585 parts per thousand parts).

18kt gold contains 75% pure gold (750 parts per thousand parts).

 

Titanium

Titanium is a natural element which has a silver-grayish-white color.
Titanium is the hardest natural metal in the world. It is very strong, three times the strength of steel
and much stronger than gold, silver and platinum and yet is very light weight. Pure titanium is also
100% hypo-allergenic which means that it if safe for anyone to wear as it will not react to your skin.

Titanium provides several unique factors that make it a good metal for jewelry. It is very strong, more dent,
bend and scratch resistant than gold, silver and platinum, is lightweight and importantly offers an exotic array
of colors which other metals simply do not.

One factor to consider with titanium is that titanium cannot be soldered, which means that titanium rings
cannot normally be resized. Titanium rings made using pure titanium can normally be cut-off the finger
in the event of an emergency, though they are more difficult to cut-off than gold, silver or platinum rings.
Aircraft grade titanium rings normally cannot be cut-off in the event of an emergency.

Titanium is popular in earrings and bracelets for both ladies and men.


Platinum

Platinum is a white metal, but unlike gold it is used in jewelry in almost its pure form
which is approximately 95% pure and is extremely long wearing and is very white,
so it does not need to be rhodium plated like white gold does.

Platinum is very dense and heavy metal, so a platinum ring will feel heavier than an 18kt gold ring.

Platinum is, however, significantly more expensive than gold. With all other things being the same,
a platinum ring will be approximately twice the price of an 18kt white gold ring.

Platinum is a prestige choice and is often chosen for its sophisticated appeal and popularity
amongst the rich and famous. Platinum is normally not used in the full range of jewelry products due
to its higher price. Platinum is mainly used in ladies engagement rings.

 

Palladium

Palladium is a white metal which is has a silver-grey-white color and is similar to platinum.
Palladium is one of the metals that is part of the platinum group of metals.
The platinum group metals share similar chemical properties.

Palladium is well suited to use with engagement rings and wedding rings.

A few short years ago the price of palladium was actually higher than platinum, however,
the price of palladium is now lower than platinum, making it a more affordable option.


Silver

Sterling silver is a white-grey colored metal which is less expensive than gold, platinum and titanium.

Silver is a softer metal than gold, titanium and platinum and does not have hardness that the other metals do.

Silver is a popular metal for use in jewelry such as earrings, pendants, bracelets, necklaces and dress rings.
It is best used for jewelry that will not be worn every day for an extended period. For that reason it is usually
not recommend to be chosen for ladies and men's wedding rings,


Tungsten Carbide

Tungsten carbide, also referred to simply as tungsten, is a very hard, strong and durable metal.
It's also quite heavy. Tungsten has a characteristic unique to this special metal - tungsten is
highly scratch resistant. Unlike gold, platinum and even titanium, tungsten rings do not scratch with
everyday wear like the other metals do. It is technically possible to scratch tungsten, though only with
objects that are harder than tungsten. So that leaves diamonds, sapphires, rubies and ceramic.
Though unless you dragged the tip of a loose diamond along the tungsten,
the metal will stay scratch resistant.
Tungsten always looks new and bright and shiny. Tungsten offers what's referred to as a permanent polish,
which means that it doesn't need to be re-polished. So, it doesn't need the polishing maintenance that gold,
platinum and titanium rings do and is very popular in men's wedding rings.

The range of tungsten jewelry is generally more restricted than for other metals.

 

Stainless steel

Stainless steel is a metal not traditionally used in fine jewelry,
The range of stainless steel jewelry is generally more restricted than for other metals.

 

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